KARAWANG, presidentpost.id – The world is currently faced with the problem of increasing population, and in Indonesia, the problem is also faced with slow food production and even tends to stagnate in terms of quantity and quality. The development of the food supply strategy needs to be seriously handled by the Indonesian government. One of the strategies proposed by the Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB) is the People’s Animal Husbandry School (SPR). SPR arises from the idea of empowering small-scale farmers who seek around 98% of livestock in Indonesia. More than 4 million small-scale farmers are assets for the government in helping programs to provide livestock products for the people of Indonesia.
Since the last five years, IPB has built a number of SPRs in livestock production centers in Indonesia that collaborate with local governments, with livestock types including cattle, goats, and chickens. The SPR program is an effort to increase the knowledge and skills of Indonesian farmers by conducting training and dissemination of technology as well as the establishment of institutional farmers whose ultimate goal is to increase national meat production. To date, there have been 29 SPRs developed in 13 regencies in Indonesia.
This year, IPB was honored to be part of the Indonesian Delegation at the General Conference’s 62nd International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) event in Vienna, Austria on September 17-21, 2018. The Indonesian delegation was chaired by the Head of the National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) and followed representatives from the Nuclear Energy Supervisory Agency (BAPETEN), and IPB.
At this event, IPB was represented by the Vice Rector for Collaboration and Information Systems, Prof. Dr. Ir. Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, M.Sc.F.Trop, IPB SPR Team Prof. Dr. Ir. Muladno, MSA and Dr. Ir. Anggraini Sukmawati, MM and 2 (two) breeders, Juwanto (SPR Soko, Bojonegoro, East Java) and Wagiman (SPR Musi Banyuasin, South Sumatra).
Vice Rector for Collaboration and Information Systems, Prof. Dr. Ir. Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, M.Sc.F.Trop in the Scientific Forum also had the opportunity to present material on the use of nuclear technology for sustainable livestock production while mitigating the effects of climate change. In his presentation, Prof. Dodik said that nuclear technology can be used in the process of genetic selection and improvement, livestock breeding and production, and improving the health of livestock. All applications of nuclear technology on farms are carried out through non-destructive processes, without hurting livestock. One priority is the application of nuclear technology to improve the quality of animal feed. The use of nuclear technology can improve the quality of animal feed by optimizing good microbial content so that it can increase the growth of livestock and at the same time can reduce the production of methane gas, one of the many greenhouse gases produced from livestock, which is caused by almost perfect.
The IAEA sees that Indonesia has the potential to be a role model in agriculture and animal husbandry, especially if the nuclear technology is able to be implemented widely in SPR groups and other small farmers. The use of appropriate nuclear technology can help small-scale farmers in Indonesia and other developing countries to increase livestock production and actively participate in climate change mitigation. (IPB/TPP)